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Bitcoin and other major cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies are virtual currencies which operate independently of banks and governments but can still be exchanged – or speculated on – just like any physical currency. Launched in 2009, bitcoin was the first decentralised cryptocurrency. Since then, thousands more cryptocurrencies, known as altcoins, have launched.

While bitcoin remains the market leader, cryptocurrencies including bitcoin cashetherlitecoinrippleEOSstellar (XLM) and NEO could challenge in the future because of rising demand, expanded applications, and technological advances.

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References for this section:
Cryptocurrency comparison. [online] Available at: